Recently, the theme of AI technology is everywhere. In the news, on social media and even in TV shows and movies. But do you really understand the basics of AI? What is it? How does it work?

Whether you are just curious about AI or want to expand your knowledge, join us as we explore the rapidly evolving world of artificial intelligence and uncover the intricacies behind it. 

What is Artificial Intelligence?

In a 2004 paper titled “What is artificial intelligence”, American computer scientist John McCarthy defined AI as: "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs. It is related to the similar task of using computers to understand human intelligence, but AI does not have to confine itself to methods that are biologically observable."

In simple terms, artificial intelligence (AI) is the process of designing computers to act and think similarly to humans. Essentially, artificial intelligence was created to mimic human intelligence through the development and application of algorithms. 

AI and its significance 

AI’s significance lies in its ability to make our lives easier. Indeed, thanks to its mimicking of human intelligence, AI offers automation for various tasks that would take a human a lot of time and effort to accomplish. These never-seen-before automation possibilities offer the possibility of  an increase in efficiency and productivity across many different industries and for a plethora of different applications. 

AI systems can take and analyse data to make data-based decisions. This is done by extracting large amounts of data and insights. Allowing businesses to discover trends, patterns and analyse data-sets in ways that humans may not be able to. Another significant capability of AI is the power it has in enhancing and personalising user experiences across various platforms. This increases customer satisfaction, loyalty, and engagement. 

Additionally, AI has the potential to solve complex problems and drive innovation across different domains. Enhance safety and security measures in various contexts. Lastly, AI has revolutionised the healthcare industry by enabling accurate diagnostics, personalised treatments, and improving patient care. 

Distinction Between Narrow AI and General AI 

As we now have a better idea of what exactly AI is and why it's significant, we can dive into the complex world of artificial intelligence. It is crucial to have an understanding of the difference between the types of AI and its technology. We aim to identify Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI) and Artificial General Intelligence (AGI). 

Narrow AI (ANI) is simply referred to as "weak AI" because it's designed to perform a singular task or function within its specified domains. For example, voice assistants like Siri or Alexa are good examples of narrow AI as they understand and respond to voice commands. However, their intelligence is limited to providing answers and assisting with certain tasks. 

On the other hand, general AI (AGI), also referred to as "strong AI" is designed to perform a wide range of tasks across different domains. However, we haven't reached general AI, and it's still in the works. An example of what this could potentially look like in the future would be a chatbot being able to generate a response on its own without basing its answer on the opinion of others. 

Overall, narrow AI focuses on specific tasks or areas, whereas general AI aims to have broader intelligence that can perform a variety of tasks. While Narrow AI is already in use today through applications like voice assistants, image recognition systems, and recommendation algorithms, general AI is still a work in progress. 

Understanding Artificial Intelligence 

To have a better understanding of artificial intelligence it is necessary to understand the components behind it. Machine learning, deep learning, natural language processing, and computer vision are all essential components of artificial intelligence. 

Machine Learning

Machine learning is a type of AI that helps computers learn from data without being explicitly programmed. There are different types of machine learning: supervised learning, where the computer learns from labelled examples to make predictions, unsupervised learning, where it finds patterns in data without labels, and reinforcement learning, where it learns through trial and error with rewards.

Deep Learning

Deep learning is a special kind of machine learning that uses networks inspired by the human brain, called neural networks. It helps computers learn complex patterns and features. For example, it's used in image and speech recognition, language processing, and self-driving cars.

Natural Language Processing

NLP focuses on how computers understand and interact with human language. It involves tasks like classifying text, translating languages, and creating chatbots. NLP faces challenges like understanding context and handling language complexities, but it has led to advanced models that improve language understanding and generation.

Computer Vision 

Computer vision helps computers understand visual information like images and videos. It involves analysing and extracting useful information from visuals. For example, it can recognize objects or people in images. Computer vision finds applications in areas like autonomous vehicles, facial recognition, and medical imaging.

Overall, these components of AI machine learning, deep learning, NLP, and computer vision work together to enable intelligent systems to learn, understand, and interpret information from various modalities, leading to a wide range of practical applications across different domains.

In summary, AI is shaping the world around us and has the potential to continue making positive changes. By understanding and embracing AI's capabilities, we can navigate this exciting field and create a future where humans and machines work together harmoniously, benefiting society as a whole. 

As the world of Artificial Intelligence is rapidly evolving, check out our blog to stay up to date with the latest information on everything AI!